The state is the second largest state of India, but after Chhattisgarh’s coming into existence, its area is no longer as large as it used to be. Most of the state is a high palateau and in summer it can be very dry and hot.
Virtually all phases of Indian history have left their mark on Madhya Pradesh, historically known as Malwa . There are still many pre - Aryan Gond and Bhil tribal people in the state , but Madhya Pradesh is overwhelmingly Indo-Aaryan with the majority of the people speaking Hindi and following Hinduism .
Madhya Pradesh is not called the "Heart of India" only because of its location in the centre of the country. It has been home to the cultural heritage of Hindhuism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam. Innumerable monuments, exquisitely carved temples, stupas, forts and palaces are dotted all over the State.
The natural beauty of Madhya Pradesh is equally varied. Consisting largely of a plateau, the State has everything. Spectacular mountain ranges, meandering rivers and miles and miles of dense forests offering a unique and exciting panorama of wildlife in sylvan surroundings.
Innumerable monuments, exquisitely carved temples, forts and palaces peppered all over the land, reminding one of emperors and kings, warriors and builders, poets and musicians, saints and philosophers--this is the mystic land of Madhya Pradesh
Home to a number of aboriginal tribes like the Bhils, the Baigas, Maria and the Murias, Madhya Pradesh constitutes 40% of India's aboriginal population--the Adivasis. It is primarily the land of Kings and primitive people, of rugged mountains.
Khajuraho, Pana, Bandhavgarh, Kanha National Park, Bhopal, Gwalior, Ujjain, Indore, Orchha, Sanchi, Panchmari, Mandu, Jabalpur are the must-visit places of Madhya Pradesh.
Besides, Madhya Pradesh has a number of important pilgrimage centers too. Ujjain and Omkareshwar hold special religious significance having two of the twelve jyotirlingas, Maheshwar and Mandleshwar.
The medieval cities, wildlife sanctuaries and holy pilgrimage centers of Madhya Pradesh offer a memorable experience to the tourists.
Today, these goods carriers have been adapted to make the most exciting tourism product in India, the luxurious furnished houseboat. A kettuvallom usually has one or two bath attached bedrooms, an open lounge, deck, kitchenette and a crew comprising oarsmen, a cook and guide.
The district of Palakkad known as the granary of Kerala, is a land of valleys, hillocks, rivers, forests, mountain streams, dams and irrigation projects. Situated at the foot of the Western Ghats, this is the gateway to Kerala from the north. Palakkad derives its name from the Malayalam words Pala ( Alsteria scholaris) and Kadu (forest) which goes to prove that this place was once a beautiful stretch of forests covered with the sweet scented flowers of the Pala tree.
landlocked district, Idukki is one of the most nature rich areas of Kerala. High ranges and wooded valleys are girded by three main rivers - Periyar, Thalayar and Thodupuzhayar - and their tributaries. The river Pamba also has its origin here. As a tourist destination, Idukki offers diverse attractions like wildlife sanctuaries, hill stations, spice plantation tours, mountain treks, elephant rides etc.
Idukki has a large population of tribals, the main tribes being Muthuvan, Malayarayan, Mannan, Paliyan, Urali, Ulladan, Malavedan and Malampandaram. The tribes of Kerala have unique customs and beliefs and maintain an ethos which is distinctly different from that of the mainstream culture.
Wayanad is one of the districts in Kerala that has been able to retain its pristine nature. Hidden away in the hills of this land are some of the oldest tribes, as yet untouched by civilisation. Wayanad is known for its picturesque mist clad hill stations, sprawling spice plantations, luxuriant forests and rich cultural traditions. The leading tourist centres of South India like Ooty, Mysore, Coorg, Kozhikode and Kannur are around this region.
The northernmost district of Kerala, Kasaragod is world renowned for its coir and handloom industries. Fishing is a prime source of livelihood. Kasaragod is known as the land of gods, forts, rivers, hills and beautiful beaches. The fort at Bekal is the largest and best preserved in the State.
Kasaragod displays a variety of styles in temple architecture - the unique style of the Madhur Mahaganapathy Temple, the typical Kerala style of the historic Malik Deenar Great Juma Masjid and so on speak volumes about the rich cultural heritage of the region. Spectacular pageants of Theyyam, Yakshagana, Kumbla (buffalo race), Poorakkali, Kolkali etc. enchant visitors.